Land of Cumorah
|The land of Cumorah has the following characteristics:
Mosiah 8:8 indicates the land where the final Jaredite battle took place, the land of Cumorah was a land among many waters. Since the term "many waters" refers to the ocean, (see 1 Nephi 17:5), this land was among the waters of the ocean, both by way of lagoons and inlets, as well as pieces of land that extended into the ocean.
Mormon 6:4 indicates the land of Cumorah was a land of many waters, (waters of the ocean), rivers and fountains. Most people who quote this scripture in an attempt to identify the land of Cumorah, quote the "...many waters, rivers and fountains, and then immediately place in parenthesis, (springs), after the word fountains. In other words, they change what Mormon wrote from fountains to springs. I assume they do this as there are no fountains in the areas they have selected as Cumorah, but there are springs.
The difference between a spring and fountain is that a spring is a small amount of fresh water that comes up from the ground, forming a small standing mini-pond of water. A fountain however bubbles up from the ground more forcefully, and cascades down different levels of rocks, etc, usually then running as a rivulet, rather than forming a pool. Having seen both during my search for the land and hill Cumorah, I am very much aware of the difference between the two. I am equally aware that Mormon was correct in his description of the land of Cumorah, when he identified it as having fountains, not springs.
Mormon 6:15 indicates that there are minimally two countries (south countries) in between the land of Cumorah and the narrow neck. (There could have been more than two.) This pretty well eliminates Cerro Vejia as the hill Cumorah, as there is not enough room south of this hill to have "south countries." "South Countries" are different from the land southward.
Some authors when identifying the south countries, refer to them as the land southward. Yet that is not what Mormon wrote. He mentions that a few Nephites escaped the battle, into the south countries. Since the Lamanites occupied the land southward, Nephite warriors would not "escape," to that land. When you go from your army, to the land occupied by the enemy, we do not call that an escape, we call it a surrender.
Ether 9:3 indicates that if you travel northeast from the Hill Cumorah, you will reach a place on the seashore called Ablom. If you travel northeast from the Papaloapan basin, you will be in the Gulf of Mexico. This Papaloapan basin is a popular area proposed as the land of Cumorah.